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Genomic Science Program

Acronyms and Abbreviations

2D two dimensional

3D three dimensional


AEI Advanced Energy Initiative

AFM atomic force microscopy

AGU American Geophysical Union

Al aluminum

ARS Agricultural Research Service, USDA

ASA American Society of Agronomy

ATP adenosine triphosphate


BER Office of Biological and Environmental Research, DOE

BERAC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

Bgal billion gallons

BNF biological nitrogen fixation

BRET Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer

BSCL Biomass Surface Characterization Laboratory, DOE

BTAC Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee, DOE-USDA


CAM Crassulacean acid metabolism

CAMERA Community Cyberinfrastructure for Advanced Marine Microbial Ecology Research and Analysis

CBM cellulose-binding molecule, carbohydrate-binding module

CBP consolidated bioprocessing

CDF cumulative distribution function

cDNA complementary DNA

ChIP-Seq chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing

CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide

CREP Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program

CSSA Crop Science Society of America

CUE carbon use efficiency

CWD coarse woody debris


DGVM dynamic global vegetation model

DMS dimethyl sulfide

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid

DOE U.S. Department of Energy


EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE

EIA Energy Information Administration

ELSI ethical, legal, and social issues

EMSL DOE Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

EPAct Energy Policy Act of 2005

EPR electron paramagnetic resonance

eQTL expression quantitative trait locus

EST expressed sequence tag


FER fossil energy-replacement ratio

FT Fischer Tropsch

FT Fourier Transform 

FRET fluorescence resonance energy transfer

FTIR Fourier transform infrared (spectroscopy)


GBS genotyping by sequencing

GC gas chromatography

GC-MS gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

GEC Governors' Ethanol Coalition

GH glycosyl hydrolase

GHG greenhouse gas

Genomic Science Genomic Science program, DOE (formerly Genomics:GTL and Genomes to Life)

GOS Global Ocean Sampling

GPP gross primary productivity

GT gigaton

GtC/y gigatons of carbon per year

GTL see Genomic Science

GWAS genome-wide association study


H2 hydrogen

HC hemicellulose

HGT horizontal gene transfer

HI harvest index

HRM Hierarchical Response Model

HTP high throughput


IAM Integrated Assessment Model

IEA International Energy Agency

IMG/M JGI's Integrated Microbial Genome/Metagenome database

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IR infrared (spectroscopy)


JGI DOE Joint Genome Institute


KBase DOE Systems Biology Knowledgebase

KIS knowledge integration and synthesis


LC liquid chromatography

LCC lignin carbohydrate complex

LC-MS  liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
LC-MS/MS liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry

LIMS laboratory information management system

LPJ-GUESS Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator


Macre million acres

MFD microfluidic device

Mton million tons

Mb megabase

Mg magnesium

Mgal million gallons

MLST multilocus sequence typing

Mn manganese

MOC mineral-associated organic carbon

MSW municipal solid waste

MRI magnetic resonance imaging

MS mass spectrometry, spectroscopy

MVA multivariate analyis

Decimal Units
10+18 exa
10+15 peta
10+12 tera
10+9 giga
10+6 mega
10+3 kilo
100 ----
10-3 milli
10-6 micro
10-9 nano
10-12 pico
10-15 femto
10-18 atto


N nitrogen

N2molecular nitrogen

N2O nitrous oxide

NAD, NADH, NAD(H) nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADP, NADPH, NADP(H) nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NBP net biome productivity

NCEP National Commission on Energy Policy

NEE net ecosystem exchange

NEP net ecosystem productivity

NEP National Energy Policy

NEPDG National Energy Policy Development Group

NERSC National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center

NH3 ammonia

NIH National Institutes of Health

NIR near infrared (spectroscopy)

NMR nuclear magnetic resonance

NPP net primary productivity

NR non redundant

NRC National Research Council

NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council

NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory, DOE

NSF National Science Foundation

NUE nutrient use efficiency


O2 oxygen

OASCR Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, DOE


OBP Office of the Biomass Program, DOE

OIT Office of Industrial Technologies, DOE


P phosphorus

pCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PCR polymerase chain reaction

PDF probability density function

PFT plant functional type

Pg petagram

POC particulate organic carbon

ppmv parts per million by volume


QTL quantitative trait locus


Ra autotrophic respiration

Rd respiration by decomposers

RDDD&D research, development, demonstration, deployment, and decommissioning

RFA Renewable Fuels Association

R&D research and development

Rh heterotrophic respiration

RI recombinant inbred

RNA ribonucleic acid

rRNA ribosomal RNA

ROS reactive oxygen species

Rs respiration by plant roots and soil heterotrophs


S sulfur

SC Office of Science, DOE

SEM scanning electron microscopy

Si silicon

SNP single nucleotide polymorphism

SOC soil organic carbon

SOD superoxide dismutase

SOM soil organic matter

SPR surface plasmon resonance 

SSF simultaneous saccharification and fermentation

SSCF simultaneous saccharification and cofermentation

SSR simple sequence repeat

SSSA Soil Science Society of America

ssu rRNA small subunit ribosomal RNA


TDF transcript-derived fragments

T-DNA transferred DNA

TEM transmission electron microscopy

TIGR The Institute for Genomic Research

TMS theory, modeling, and simulation

TOF time of flight


USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

UV ultraviolet


Vmax maximum enzyme velocity


WUE water use efficiency


2018 Research Summaries [02/18]

GSP Overview Brochure [01/18]

Plant Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy [01/18]

Biosystems Design to Enable Next-Generation Biofuels (Summary of Funded Projects) [12/17]

Grand Challenges for Biological and Environmental Research: Progress and Future Vision [11/17]

Technologies for Characterizing Molecular and Cellular Systems Relevant to Bioenergy and Environment [9/17]

ASCR BER Exascale Requirements Review [9/17]




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